Nanotechnology

Historically, conceptual foundation of Nanotechnology was laid by Nobel Laureate and Physicist Richard P. Feynman in 1959, wherein he conceptualized that it should be possible to manipulate and control things on a small scale – and achievable if we develop the technology to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules with a “bottom up” approach implying that we build things from the molecule up, and rearrange matter with atomic precision, which eventually indeed became possible by the process called “molecular manufacturing”. “Nanotechnology”, is attributed to Norio Taniguchi (1970s), who introduced it to describe “manufacturing to finishes and tolerances in the nano-metric regime.”

Historically, conceptual foundation of Nanotechnology was laid by Nobel Laureate and Physicist Richard P. Feynman in 1959, wherein he conceptualized that it should be possible to manipulate and control things on a small scale – and achievable if we develop the technology to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules with a “bottom up” approach implying that we build things from the molecule up, and rearrange matter with atomic precision, which eventually indeed became possible by the process called “molecular manufacturing”. “Nanotechnology”, is attributed to Norio Taniguchi (1970s), who introduced it to describe “manufacturing to finishes and tolerances in the nano-metric regime.” Nanotechnology involves the fabrication and application of materials and devices with sizes that range from of 0.1–100 nanometers (one nanometer is one billionth of a meter, 10-9 m!). To get a comparative idea on a relative scale if we consider a marble of one nanometer diameter, then diameter of the Earth would be about one meter. Although nanoscience and nanotechnology are relatively new, nanoscale materials have been found to have existed as early as in some Roman era artefacts and in ancient Indian medicinal formulations. However, a systematic study of the synthesis of nanometer-sized materials and the understanding of their properties emerged only during the last few decades. In the new millennium, these fundamental research studies laid the foundation for numerous applications of nanomaterials in a variety of industries such as energy, environment, construction, photonics, electronics, cosmetics, food & agriculture and medicine.

The global nanotechnology market has been projected to reach a value of 90 billion USD by the year 2021, and continue to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of close to 16% in the time period 2020 – 2028, of which nanomaterials market alone could become a 16 billion USD market. As many as 5000 consumer products, spread across various product categories (Figure 1), that contain nanomaterials in their formulations are already available in markets worldwide, suggesting that “nanotechnology and nanomaterials have entered what is known as consumerization”.

Companies across different industrial sectors have embraced nanotechnology for better processes and products and a large number of new nanotechnology-based companies have also emerged across the world in the recent times (Figure 2). Considering this rapid rise in the past decade of nanotech products and companies and the ones likely to arise in the near future, nanotechnology is expected to play a crucial role in fulfilling the UN’s millennial development goals.

About the Program


Nanotechnology has matured over the past few decades as an independent field of study as well as enabler of technology innovations across various other engineering disciplines. The B. Tech. (Nanotechnology) program of MU has been aimed to provide an excellent training platform in this emerging interdisciplinary technology. This course will introduce students to different basic engineering disciplines such as mechanical, electrical and computer science through certain common courses during the first 3 semesters. During this period foundational courses in natural sciences and mathematics will be taught along with the courses from humanities and social sciences. Starting with semester 4 through semester 7 students will be gradually trained and exposed to various fundamental and advanced courses on technology and science that underpin both nanomaterials and nanodevices. Final Semester 8 will be, predominantly, devoted to either an internship or an industrial/academic research project.

Credit Split up

Description Total credits
Basic Engineering and Sciences 45.5
Mathematics 18
Nano Technology Courses 53
Projects 17
Humanities and Management 17.5
Open Electives 9
Streams 12
Total Credits 172