Decoding Legal Specialties: Explore Different Types of Law in Detail

Published On: February 12, 2024
Decoding Legal Specialties Explore Different Types of Law in Detail

As per India Today, there is a significant demand for legal practitioners in India, marked by an estimated shortage of 3 million lawyers. This scarcity is attributed to the substantial backlog of cases and existing vacancies within the judiciary.

Navigating the intricate world of law involves understanding the diverse array of legal specialities that shape the legal landscape.  From Criminal Law, which seeks justice for offences, to Civil Law, resolving disputes between individuals, the journey encompasses Environmental Law, safeguarding our planet, and Family Law, navigating intricate familial relationships.

Unraveling Corporate Law reveals the intricacies of business governance, while Intellectual Property Law safeguards innovation. The exploration extends to Immigration Law, bridging borders, and Human Rights Law, advocating for equality. Understanding these legal intricacies empowers individuals to navigate the complexities of the legal field effectively.

Types of Law Courses in India

Undergraduate Law Courses in India

India boasts a vibrant legal education system with various undergraduate programmes designed to provide a strong foundation in legal principles. Here are some key undergraduate law courses available in the country:

  • Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)
  • A. LL.B. (Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws)
  • B.A. LL.B. (Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Laws)
  • Com. LL.B. (Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Laws)
  • Sc. LL.B. (Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Laws)
  • A. (Hons.) LL.B. (Honours)
  • Com. (Hons.) LL.B. (Honours)
  • B.A. (Hons.) LL.B. (Honours)
  • A. LL.B. (Hons.) Intellectual Property Rights
  • A. LL.B. (Hons.) Constitutional Law

Post- Undergraduate Law Courses in India

Building on the foundation laid during undergraduate studies, postgraduate law courses in India offer specialised knowledge and advanced training for those seeking to delve deeper into legal domains. Explore the diverse options available for postgraduate legal education:

  • Master of Laws (LL.M.)
  • Master of Business Laws (MBL)
  • Master of Human Rights Law
  • Master of Environmental Law
  • Master of Intellectual Property Law (MIPL)
  • Master of Corporate Law (MCL)
  • Master of Criminal Law (MCL)
  • Master of International Law (MIL)
  • Master of Labour Laws and Labour Welfare (MLLW)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Law

Pursue Excellence in Law with LLB Admission: Your Journey Begins at Mahindra University

Established in 2021, the School of Law at Mahindra University embodies principles of justice, equality, and service to all societal segments. Recognising the evolving demands of society, the field of Law has gained prominence, necessitating increased attention and contemplation.

Types of Law Courses Offered at Mahindra University

The undergraduate programme, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law (Honours), adopts a multi-disciplinary approach to address diverse aspects of the legal field, encompassing litigation, judiciary, academia, corporate legal consultation, immigration, public international law, private international law, and policy engagement. Students in this integrated course will delve into liberal arts subjects, including English, History, Sociology, and Political Science, alongside Law and Economics. This programme serves as a comprehensive preparatory foundation for those aspiring to enter the Indian Administrative Services, offering a robust educational background.

The integrated undergraduate programme, Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Law (Honours), emphasises the intersection of Management Studies and Law. Within the BBA, LL.B. (Hons.) programme, core business subjects such as Fundamentals of Management, Financial Accounting, Effective Communication, and Computer Application are covered. Concurrently, the legal curriculum encompasses subjects like the Law of Torts, Constitutional law, Criminal law, Civil wrongs, Administrative law, Company law, Property law, Family law, Alternate Dispute Resolution, and more.

Introduced in the Academic Year 2022-23 at Mahindra University, the 3-Year LL.B. (Hons.) The programme is a postgraduate professional law degree welcoming graduates from diverse disciplines. This programme places a strong emphasis on an experiential and industry-oriented learning environment. It provides aspirants with a unique amalgamation of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary learning approaches, fostering both doctrinal and practical insights into law. The curriculum extends beyond legal realms to encompass social, political, economic, and technological dimensions, ensuring a comprehensive educational experience.

Wrapping Up

The field of law stands as an ever-relevant and indispensable pillar of society, grappling with the challenges presented by a substantial shortage of legal professionals in India. As the demand for competent legal practitioners continues to surge, the need for a comprehensive legal education becomes paramount.

Mahindra University, with its commitment to excellence and innovative teaching methodologies, emerges as a distinguished institution poised to shape the legal leaders of tomorrow. Seize the opportunity to become a part of this transformative journey, where your passion for justice meets the rigours of legal education. Apply now and embark on a fulfilling path of studying law at Mahindra University, where knowledge, ethics, and advocacy converge to shape the future of the legal landscape. Your journey towards legal excellence begins here!


What are the 3 most common types of law?

 The three most common types of law are criminal law, civil law, and administrative law.

How many types of law are there in India?

 The Indian judiciary evolves through judges’ decisions, orders, and judgments, encompassing five legal systems: Civil law, common law, customary law, religious law, and mixed law.

What is eligibility for LLB?

Eligibility for LLB typically includes having a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognised university. Specific requirements may vary, so it’s advisable to check with the law school or institution offering the LLB program.

Can I do LLB after 12?

Yes, you can pursue an LLB (Bachelor of Laws) after completing your 12th standard.

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